【中考复习】英语:Union Jack(米字旗)

2014-05-05 11:09:15    来源:上海教育新闻网-上海中学生报·中招周刊    作者:建平实验学校 陈 珮

 提到“Union Jack”,你也许会觉得摸不着头脑。但是说到它的另一个名称——英国“米字旗”,你多半就不会觉得陌生了。Jack怎么变成国旗了呢?“米字旗”背后又有怎样的故事呢?

  The Union Jack,also known as the Union Flag,is the national flag of the United King-dom.Do you know how it got this name?Sailors used to speak of a“jack”when they meant a flag which was set near the bow of asailing ship.The flag showed the country to which the ship belonged.The Union Jack became the flag of Great Britain.The Union Jack also appears in the flags of several nations and territories that were former British dominions(领土).For example,Australia’s flag has the Union Jack in the top left-hand corner together with the stars of the Southern Cross.They have kept this small part of Britain on their flag because their country was first settled by people from Britain.Australi-a’s flag is the same color as the Union Jack— red,white and blue.The act of joining together is called a“union”.The Union Jack was the name of the flag made when England,Scotland and Ireland joined together to make one country.It all began in1707,when Eng-land and Scotland joined together to become one nation.A flag was made using two crosses — one for the pa-tron saint (守护神)of each country,which means protector.Many cen-turies before,the English had taken St.George as their patron saint.His emblem was a red cross on a white background.The Scottish patron saint was St Andrew.In memory of him, they used a white cross on ablue background.This cross was shaped like the letter “X”.The new flag was a mixture of both flags with two sets of crosses.After Ireland joined England and Scotland,another cross was added in1801.St Patrick’s cross of Ireland was red and also shaped like an“X”.All three flags now made up the Union Jack.Choose the best answer.1.The Union Jack is the flag of _______.A.the United Nations B.Ireland C.England and Scotland D.Great Britain 2.Why does Australia have the Union Jack in the top left-hand corner together with the stars of the Southern Cross?A.Because the Australian people liked Britain very much.B.Because people from Britain brought the flag of Great Britain to Australia.C.Because people from Britain settled in Australia first.D.Because the flag of Great Britain is colourful.3.The Union Jack is made up of three countries’ national flags.Which three countries are they?A.England,Scotland and Wales. B.England,Scotland and Ireland.C.Scotland,Wales and Ireland. D.England,Scotland and Great Britain.4.The underlined word“emblem”means“_______”in the passage.A.sign B.enable C.colour D.size 5.Ireland joined England and Scotland in _______.A.1818 B.1801C.1707 D.17706.According to the passage,which of the following state-ments is NOT TRUE?A.St.George was the English patron saint.B.The Scottish took St.Andrew as their patron saint.C.St.Patrick was the patron saint of Ireland,whose cross was red.D.Ever since1801, the British have taken Union Jack as their patron saint.
  建平实验学校 陈 珮
  参考答案:1.D 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.B 6.D

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